WebGL experiment part 5 en

Intro

In this experiment, we will create this:

Texture mapping (image from NeHe website)

We will learn how to use BabylonJS basic elements and how to move them.

The demo page is here and the code is here.

Function: drawStuff

We are using a classic scene initialization:

function drawStuff(engine) {
  var scene = new BABYLON.Scene(engine);
  scene.clearColor = new BABYLON.Color3(0, 0, 0);

  var light = new BABYLON.PointLight("Omni", new BABYLON.Vector3(50, 100, 0), scene);
  var camera = new BABYLON.ArcRotateCamera("Camera", 0, 0.8, 100, new BABYLON.Vector3.Zero(), scene);

And a nice cube created easily with BabylonJS (see further for more details):

  var cube = BABYLON.Mesh.CreateBox("cube", 30, scene);

Then, we add a texture to our cube:

  var cubeMaterial = new BABYLON.StandardMaterial("texture1", scene);
  cubeMaterial.diffuseTexture = new BABYLON.Texture("data/05/NeHe.bmp", scene);
  cube.material = cubeMaterial;

And some fancy rotation:

  rotate(cube);

  return scene;
}

About BabylonJS elements

BabylonJS allows your to easily create a few elements (from here):

  • Create a box
var box = BABYLON.Mesh.CreateBox("Box", 6.0, scene);

Parameters are: name, size of the box, the scene to attach the mesh.

  • Create a sphere
var sphere = BABYLON.Mesh.CreateSphere("Sphere", 10.0, 3.0, scene);

Parameters are: name, number of segments (highly detailed or not), size, scene to attach the mesh. Beware to adapt the number of segments to the size of your mesh ;)

  • Create a plane
var plan = BABYLON.Mesh.CreatePlane("Plane", 50.0, scene);

Parameters are: name, size, and scene to attach the mesh.

  • Create a cylinder
var cylinder = BABYLON.Mesh.CreateCylinder("cylinder", 3, 3, 6, scene, false);

Parameters are: name, height, diameter, tessellation (highly detailed or not), scene, updatable.

  • Create a torus
var torus = BABYLON.Mesh.CreateTorus("torus", 5, 1, 10, scene, false);

Parameters are: name, diameter, thickness, tessellation (highly detailed or not), scene, updatable.

Rotation function

Just a little function which takes an element and rotates it around y axis:

function rotate(element) {
  var degree = 0;

  setInterval(function() {
    var value = Math.PI * degree++/180;
    element.rotation = new BABYLON.Vector3(0, -value, 0);
    if (degree === 360) {
      degree = 0;
    }
  }, 10);
}

About position, rotation, and scaling

All credits, as usual, to BabylonJS tutorials.

Position

We actually used positioning since our first experiment.

The position for each axis can be setup individually like:

box.position.x = 10;
box.position.y = 20;
box.position.z = 30;

Or using a babylon vector:

box.position = new BABYLON.Vector3(10, 20, 30);

And you can create a relation between your forms to set relative positioning:

//Positioning the box3 relative to the box1
box3.parent = box1;
box3.position.z = -10;

Rotation

Same thing with rotation:

box.rotation.x = Math.PI/4;
box.rotation.y = Math.PI/6;
box.rotation.z = Math.PI/12;

Or

box.rotation = new BABYLON.Vector3(Math.PI/4, Math.PI/6, Math.PI/12);

Scaling

You can scale your element along the 3 axis. Scaling value multiples the length of the object on the selected axis:

box.scaling.x = 2;
box.scaling.y = 1.5;
box.scaling.z = 0.5;

The end

Now, we can easily create forms, map stuff on them, and move them ! Yeah !

Let's dive (a little) into BabylonJS for the next lesson.